The cut flower and foliage industry is part of a large international market characterised by sophisticated trade and regulatory systems imposed across an extensive supply chain.
Source (oec. World 2019) https://oec.world/en/profile/hs92/cut-flowers
In Australia, just as in most developed nations, a floral arrangement for a wedding, or just a simple bouquet, is likely to include flowers sourced from both local and international growers.
It is a certain and unavoidable fact that not all flower varieties can be locally grown in Australia. Just like many other products in the Australian retail market, Australian producers cannot always meet the quantity and variety of consumer demand. Since the late 1970s, the importation of various types of flowers has been maintained in order to meet this demand. Thousands of Australian businesses depend on the complimentary nature of imports and domestically grown flowers.
To keep up with the demand for flowers, the industry relies on an integrated global supply chain of workers, farmers, wholesalers, airlines, cargo ships, traders, florists and retailers to ensure flowers are carefully grown, prepared, treated, transported and cleared for entry to Australia quickly and efficiently to arrive at their destination markets to be sold to consumers.
Cut flowers must be transported quickly using a “cold-chain” – a series of refrigerated facilities on farms, trucks, planes and boats – which keep flowers fresh from farm to shop.